Fujitsu develops high-speed multichannel optical switch based on MEMS mirrors
29 September 2003 Tokyo Lightwave-- Fujitsu Laboratories Ltd. and Fujitsu Ltd. today announced the development of an 80-channel optical communications switch that adopts MEMS mirrors. The new device achieves a 1-msec switching speed, the fastest of any multi-channel optical switch to date, according to the company.
29 September 2003 Tokyo Lightwave-- Fujitsu Laboratories Ltd. and Fujitsu Ltd. today announced the development of an 80-channel optical communications switch that adopts MEMS mirrors. The new device achieves a 1-msec switching speed, the fastest of any multi-channel optical switch to date, according to the company. The new switch is expected to enable the development of the optical crossconnect systems essential for next-generation optical transmission networks.
Details of the technology used in this switch were presented at ECOC-IOOC 2003 (European Conference on Optical Communication/International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fibre Communication), held in Rimini, Italy starting September 21.
Because of the need to efficiently transmit the massive amounts of data carried over high-speed Internet connections, there has been an increase in demand for crossconnect equipment, which is required for the effective operation of fiber-optic networks and for network interconnections. With conventional equipment, however, optical signals need to be converted to electrical signals for processing, limiting the ultimate performance that could be achieved through WDM or other optical multiplexing techniques. The goal, therefore, has been to develop crossconnect equipment with all-optical switching so that the optical signals need not be converted.
Fujitsu's development depends on MEMS mirrors to bounce light beams. MEMS mirrors can be tilted to deflect the beam to different points in space, resulting, in this case, in a 3-D optical MEMS-mirror switch. The key features of this technology are as follows:
Rapid switching. A notch filter in the MEMS mirror serves to suppress the mechanical resonance that normally occurs when switching the optical signal. The notch filter eliminates just the MEMS mirror's resonant frequency from the driving electrical waveform. The use of this control technology and a special comb-driven rapid-response MEMS mirror array developed by Fujitsu enables faster switching times.
Compact optical switching fabric. Fujitsu developed a folded optical switch fabric configuration whereby the input beam is reflected through a roof-type retro-reflector on its way to the output. Compared to flat mirrors, this configuration halves the length of the optical path, making for a more compact switch overall.
Optic power-level feedback mechanism. The tilt of the MEMS mirrors is precisely controlled thanks to a feedback loop in a built-in control function, which maintains the optical power at a fixed level. This makes it possible to compensate for variations in the power levels of each channel and also eliminates the need to have variable optical attenuators external to the switch.
The combination of these technologies results in a switch with 1-msec switching speed, compact dimensions (150 x 400 x 300 mm) and optical power stability within 0.5 dB.
Some of this research was conducted on behalf of the Telecommunications Advancement Organization of Japan under a contract for the research and development of photonic networking using optical burst switching.